Wednesday, August 26, 2020


The most significant point being that the normal equalization in a biological system is kept up. This parity might be upset because of the presentation of new species, the abrupt demise of certain species, characteristic dangers or man-made causes. In this field trip we will investigate how human populace and advancement influences the biological parity. Set aside effort to investigate this site as your portal to the universe of nature. It has fascinating articles and realities. There are highlights, for example, the Environmental Timeline that shows how there were various worries about nature all through istory.The ecological effect of war is an intriguing article on how arrangement of war and fighting prompts ecological misfortunes. The mass bombarding of the lavish green woodlands during the Vietnam war prompted the loss of territory of numerous species. Extraordinary highlights on populace and the earth show how populace has expanded from the modern age and how it will influence nature. There are extra assets for higher classes. For the sake of advancement, we evacuate trees and vegetation, change how we use and, and continue extending cleared areas.All these influence the dirt nature, yet in addition the water balance. Expanded urbanization likewise requires more water to take care of the city's populace and industry, regularly requiring further and more profound wells to be penetrated or water to be moved from considerably increasingly inaccessible areas. Increment of asphalt territory not desolate decreases the measure of water fume that happens once again from the vegetation yet in addition adds to groundwater contamination if the salt used to soften street ice were permitted to overflow into the regular seepage system.Visit this site for an itemized take a gander at water as a valuable asset and how human advancement influences water and its biological system. It is devoted to Water Day. To see how human populace and expanded formative exercises influe nce the biological system, there are live models everywhere throughout the world. Armenia is one such case of what is befalling the biological system as a result of expanded populace and formative exercises. In the course of the most recent 1,000 years human effects on the land have expanded, for the most part through deforestation and expanded utilization of pastures.Such issues have heightened over late years with phenomenal populace development and urbanization since 1920, bringing about expanded human effects on singular species, yet additionally on entire biological systems. Peruse the article on this site and you will deliberately get mindful of what unchecked mechanical turn of events and urbanization could do to your district. The quick pace of improvement has prompted numerous undesirable outcomes. Extraordinary species get crushed tester than we can find them and old biological systems are getting isturbed in our logical explorations.Find out about astonishing realities on human effect on seas, poisons, and substantially more as you investigate this webpage for ecological instruction on the web. It is structured fundamentally for kids, yet the highlights and articles are acceptable perusing for any evaluation. There are additionally convenient tips on what you can never really secure the earth and thoughts on how you can begin an environment club in your neighborhood. Visit the assets given on the Ecology and incredible Links pages to find out about this science.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Evaluate the argument that global crime has grown significantly over Essay

Assess the contention that worldwide wrongdoing has become fundamentally in the course of the most recent two decades, and layout any effect of globalization process - Essay Example These incorporate medications such cocaine which is gathered in the wildernesses of Columbia before it advances toward the urban areas of London, New York and Paris. In Afghanistan, the poppies of this nation are collected, sent to heroin preparing plants in Eastern Europe before they locate their home in the veins of Western Europeans and North Americans. Notwithstanding the globalization of medications and the internationalization of opiates, globalization has expanded the episodes of theft, fake products and organ dealing. Maybe most treacherously, globalization has prepared for a universal traffic in individuals which includes the sneaking of exiles notwithstanding the worldwide traffic of ladies. While a few ladies are dealt to fill in as household workers or as vagrant workers, the larger part are sold into sexual subjugation and exist as 21st century slaves. While global robbery, the spread of universal fake products and organ dealing are generally intriguing subjects the inve stigation from a sociological point of view considering the internationalization of wrongdoing, because of the constrained extent of this examination the accompanying will center upon the worldwide traffic of ladies just as the internationalization of medications. Since the worldwide traffic of ladies for sexual bondage is maybe one of the most treacherous results of the globalization development, the accompanying will start with an outline of this exploitative exchange. The transnationalisation of wrongdoing has expanded in the 21st century. Complex monetary association has expanded the roads for hoodlums trying to misuse the global financial framework and make systems for their criminal undertakings. To state that the transnationalisation of wrongdoing exists today isn't to state that it didn't exist already. A significant number of the violations which are being completed every single day existed a century back in Western Europe and the well off nations in

Thursday, August 13, 2020

Free-est post!

Free-est post! In the hassle of getting my life and graduation requirements together, I almost forgot to take advantage of my (last :/) biannual free post: what am I doing this semester? MIT has many urban horror stories about students struggling to graduate on time for the dumbest possible reasons: taking all of their GIRs second semester senior year because they didnt spread them out, realizing they forgot about the swim requirement a day before graduation, or belatedly discovering that one humanities class didnt count toward the requirement they thought it did. One alum I worked for told me that he convinced the EECS department to let him take his GIRs during his MEng, because he spent all of his undergrad years taking fancy high-level classes. Sometimes, students just punish themselves intentionally by taking eight classes a semester so they can graduate in two years, or get nonexistent triple majors, orfor fun. (Theres no credit limit for freshmen with sophomore standing or upperclassmen; the only bound is your sanity.) Heres the anticlimax: I am not one of those people. (Unless something has gone horribly wrong.) My courseload: 6.851: (Grad) Advanced Data Structures, taught by Erik Demaine, who became an MIT professor at age 20. He frequently cites his own papers in lecture, and we have optional, weekly open problem solving sessions, which is kind of intimidating. I say that a lot. I mean, other professors have (jokingly?) put open problems as extra credit on problem sets, so its nice that ours are just completely for fun. This class is my official substitution for 6.006, which I need to complete my major, so the downer is that I cant drop it when catastrophe strikes. Its been fun so far, though. Seemingly half the CS/math majors I know are in this class, including a 14 down my line of succession from my high school robotics club, and an ex-IOI freshman on my hall. Small world! 21M.380: Recording Techniques and Audio Production  is one of those very cool, random, ultra-pragmatic classes that pops up at MIT every once in a while. The assignments so far have consisted of close, detailed listening to songs of our choice, and analyses on how they were mixed. The lectures are refreshingly less theoretical than the average MIT class; instead of generalized, abstracted equations, the lecturer shows us interesting psychoacoustics trivia and heuristics that are useful to know off the top of your head when doing audio production; for example: a bass drums frequency is usually around 60Hz, so its wavelength is about 18 feet long human ears start perceiving time offsets as reverberation after 20-30ms, and it takes sound about 0.89ms to travel a foot, so do the math before recording in big rooms since the ability to understand human vocalizations was obviously beneficial when we developed speech, human ears are heavily biased toward frequencies representative of human speech and will in fact perceive them as significantly louder than frequencies outside that range I keep getting distracted by curiosity about various physics-based/biological/statistical generalizations of what we learn. Mostly, the teacher gives us demos (listening and generating lots of noises and signals in different contexts, through filters, et cetera) and enough theory to internalize them. Incidentally, this class completes my four-subject humanities concentration in music. 6.UAP: THESIS. Every engineering major has a thesis, although most use a heavy-duty lab class in lieu of an independent project / research paper; Course VI is one of the few with an open-ended thesis project. Im doing some sentiment analysis with the Media Labs Digital Intuition group, which does a lot of neat natural language processing that I didnt really know was possible, using a project called ConceptNet that theyve open-sourced and collaborated on with universities in several countries. It has a basic web interface and an API that lets you access a massive semantic graph (hypergraph, rather) about words and concepts in several languages. Since everythings open-source, you can go play with it if youre curious. non-credit At only 30 units, Im light-loading this semester, which means I get a tuition discount! The classes listed above are all I need to graduate, so Im casually following along (without enrolling) in MAS.S60: Practical Natural Language Processing, incidentally taught by my thesis advisor. In junior fall, I took a similar but more rigorous and theory-heavy class,  6.864: (Grad) Advanced Natural Language Processing. Im poking through the MAS.S60 material because it has coding labs in lieu of enormous mathy problem sets, and while 6.864 was fun, I didnt get to actually implement code until the final project. Im also taking an introductory animation workshop through the Student Art Association, which organizes extracurricular art classes that serve as practical alternatives to the tempting logistical nightmare of crossregistering at and commuting to MassArt. Today, we jumped right in and started making cyclic hand-drawn animations. is this not enough for you I have five sessions of job interviews in the next two weeks. Three of them span half a day. No comment. In case it wasnt obvious, the underlined text in this post contains useful alt-text.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Indiana University of Pennsylvania Admissions

Admissions at Indiana University of Pennsylvania are generally open--around nine out of every ten  applicants are accepted each year. Students can apply online or on paper, and will also need to submit scores from the SAT or ACT and high school transcripts. Be sure to check out the schools website for more information, including important deadlines. Admissions Data (2016) Indiana University of Pennsylvania Acceptance Rate: 92%Test Scores -- 25th / 75th PercentileSAT Critical Reading: 420 / 530SAT Math: 420 / 520SAT Writing: - / -(what these SAT numbers mean)ACT Composite: 17  / 23ACT English: 15 / 23ACT Math: 17  / 23(what these ACT numbers mean) Indiana University of Pennsylvania Description Founded in 1875 as Indiana Normal School, Indiana University of Pennsylvania is now a large public university that offers 145 undergraduate degree programs and 71 graduate programs. The University frequently receives national recognition for its educational value. IUP is made up of numerous colleges and schools with the College of Health and Human Services having the highest undergraduate enrollment. Student life is active with over 220 student organizations including 18 fraternities and 14 sororities. In athletics, IUP competes in the Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference at the NCAA Division II level. Enrollment (2016) Total Enrollment: 12,971  (10,743 undergraduates)Gender Breakdown: 44% Male / 56% Female93% Full-time Costs (2016  - 17) Tuition and Fees: $11,368  (in-state); $22,377 (out-of-state)Books: $1,100 (why so much?)Room and Board: $12,246Other Expenses: $2,288Total Cost: $27,002  (in-state); $38,011 (out-of-state) Indiana University of Pennsylvania Financial Aid (2015 - 16) Percentage of New Students Receiving Aid: 91%Percentage of New Students Receiving Types of AidGrants: 65%Loans: 80%Average Amount of AidGrants: $6,753Loans: $8,367 Academic Programs Most Popular Majors:  Business Administration, Communication Studies, Criminology, Elementary Education, Health and Physical Education, Marketing, Nursing Graduation and Retention Rates First-Year Student Retention (full-time students): 75%Transfer-out Rate: 30%4-Year Graduation Rate: 37%6-Year Graduation Rate: 54% Intercollegiate Athletic Programs Mens Sports:  Track and Field, Swimming, Baseball, Football, Golf, Cross Country, BasketballWomens Sports:  Basketball, Swimming, Field Hockey, Volleyball, Track and Field, Soccer, Lacrosse, Cross Country Data Source National Center for Educational Statistics If You Like Indiana University of Pennsylvania, You May Also Like These Schools Clarion University: Profile  Duquesne University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphUniversity of Pittsburgh: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphDrexel University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphDelaware State University: Profile  Lock Haven University: Profile  Seton Hill University: Profile  Temple University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphWest Virginia University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT GraphRobert Morris University: Profile  Edinboro University of Pennsylvania: Profile  Slippery Rock University: Profile  Pennsylvania State University: Profile | GPA-SAT-ACT Graph Indiana University of Pennsylvania Mission Statement read the complete mission statement at Indiana University of Pennsylvania is a leading public, doctoral/research university, strongly committed to undergraduate and graduate instruction, scholarship, and public service. Indiana University of Pennsylvania engages students as learners and leaders in an intellectually challenging, culturally enriched, and contemporarily diverse environment...

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Zircon, Zirconia, Zirconium Minerals

Zircon may seem a bit drab next to those infomercials for cheap cubic zirconia jewelry. The zirconium minerals are a serious bunch. Zircon Zircon makes a nice gem but its out of favor these days. Zircon—zirconium silicate or ZrSiO4—is a hard stone, ranking 7 ½ on the Mohs scale, but other stones are harder and its colors arent unique. Tradition has a slim dossier on zircon; one site says that it was reputed to aid sleep, bring prosperity, and promote honor and wisdom, but hey, just having the money to own jewels is good for that. It does have some minor mineralogical distinctions. Its the only gem in the tetragonal crystal class, for what that is worth. And its the densest of the major gemstones, but that means a zircon of a given carat weight is smaller than any other gem of equal weight. Maybe zircon can gain more respect if we look at its value to geologists. Zircon grains occur almost everywhere there are sediments because the mineral is so tough. It rises through the crust in igneous rocks and is eroded into the stream system, washed out to sea, and laid down in the sediment beds where it becomes part of the next cycle of sandstone and shale—totally unaffected! Zircon is the ultimate geological recyclable; it can even endure metamorphism. That makes it a great indicator mineral. If you find it in granite in one place, and in a sandstone somewhere else, you have learned something about the geologic history and geographic setting that brought the zircons from the first to the second place. The other thing about zircon is its impurities, especially uranium. The uranium-lead (U-Pb) system of dating rocks has been refined to great accuracy, and U-Pb zircon dating is now a precise tool for rocks as old as Earth itself, some 4.6 billion years. Zircon is good for this because it holds these elements tightly. Zircon is usually pronounced ZURKn, although you also hear ZUR-KON. Zirconia/Baddeleyite Cubic zirconia or CZ is known as a fake diamond, but I think it should instead be considered a superior zircon. CZ is a manufactured oxide compound, ZrO2, not a silicate, and zirconia is a chemical name, not a mineral name. There is a naturally occurring form of zirconia, called baddeleyite. The difference between baddeleyite and CZ is the way the zirconium and oxygen atoms are packed: the mineral is a monoclinic  crystal and the gem is cubic (isometric), the same crystal structure as diamond. That makes CZ extremely hard—only diamond, sapphire, and chrysoberyl can scratch it. The United States stockpiles over 14,000 tonnes of baddeleyite for its zirconium content. Like zircon, it is useful for dating extremely old rocks, though unlike zircon its use is limited to igneous rocks. Baddeleyite is pronounced ba-DELLY-ite by most geologists, but those who know better pronounce it BAD-ly-ite. Zirconolite Zirconolite, CaZrTi2O7, is neither a silicate nor an oxide but rather a titanate. In 2004 it was reported to be even better for dating old rocks than zircon, yielding data as precise as the SHRIMP (sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe) instrument allows. Zirconolite, though rare, may be widespread in igneous rocks but not recognized because it resembles rutile. The way to identify it for sure is by using specialized electron microscopy techniques on the tiny grains before deploying the SHRIMP on them. But these techniques can derive a date from a grain only 10 microns wide. Zirconolite is pronounced zir-CONE-alite. The Geologists Gem To get an idea of what people can do with zircons, consider what researcher Larry Heaman did, as reported in the April 1997 Geology. Heaman extracted zircon (and baddeleyite) from a set of ancient Canadian dikes, getting less than a milligram from 49 kilograms of rock. From these specks, less than 40 microns long, he derived a U-Pb age for the dike swarm of 2.4458 billion years (plus or minus a couple million), just after the close of the Archean Eon in earliest Proterozoic time. From that evidence he reassembled two big chunks of ancient North America, tucking the Wyoming terrane underneath the Superior terrane, then joined them to Karelia, the terrane underlying Finland and adjacent Russia. He called his results evidence of the worlds earliest episode of flood-basalt volcanism or Large Igneous Province (LIP). Heaman capped himself by speculating that the first LIP could reflect either (1) the waning of a vigorous mantle convection regime that prevailed during the Archean and completely dissipated mantle plumes for more than half of Earths history, or (2) the time of catastrophic collapse of a stable density stratification in the Earths core that led to a sudden increase in heat flux at the core-mantle boundary. This is a lot to get out of a few tiny bits of zircon and baddeleyite. PS: The oldest object on Earth is a grain of zircon thats nearly 4.4 billion years old. Its the only thing we have from deep in the earliest Archean, and it provides evidence that even at that time, Earth had liquid water on it.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Leadership, education and diversity Free Essays

string(68) " for languages to correct the past inequity in schools and society\." The ever changing demographics undoubtedly have both current and future Impacts on education system. The Increased diversity can Impact the society either positively or negatively thus knowledge and capacity should be developed for education leadership that is one of the most diversified sectors of the society. It is encountered in various fronts and categories revolving around: organization, individual and program levels. We will write a custom essay sample on Leadership, education and diversity or any similar topic only for you Order Now In multicultural settings, mechanisms exist to ensure social Justice without any form of discrimination. In the contemporary world, leadership is viewed s an Interactive social process despite Its complexity. The dynamic leadership approaches require Informed and Inclusive mechanisms to ensure success of the system. Leadership plays a critical role either in practice, theory or research thus it is expected that it influences the lives of a diverse group of people. In a given context like a learning institution or organization, leadership models ought to reflect that the members are both leaders and followers in spite of being distinct (Bishop, 2005). Educators regardless of their racial and cultural associations need to be equipped tit competencies and pedagogies to effectively manage the dynamic population of students. Native teachers have their own cultural affiliations which coupled with unique personal stories, form a basis in creating a general mix of a school’s diversity. Teachers can best establish an inclusive and comfortable learning environment if their leaders use engagement strategies that are nonjudgmental. It should be acknowledged that racial, cultural, and economic differences exist and have an impact on the education system. Brown (2004) explains that the transformation learning, adult learning and critical social theories are significant In Increasing installation and action plans In preparing transformation leaders. The theories are closely interrelated with the three the three pedagogical strategies of critical reflection, rational discourse, and policy praxis. LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION AND DIVERSITY 3 The other strategy is to establish the need for both personal and professional progress. Brainstorming sessions and retreats by educators and leaders create a climate of constructive discussions and builds mutual trust necessary for solving the crisis. There is sensitivity and respect for diversity coupled with team building capacity in teamwork. Educating all leaders on the essence of integrating a diverse composition of the organization Is necessary for achieving the goals and objectives. From a critical perspective, the insights to be discussed will present effective approaches to address challenges encountered in preparing education leaders dedicated to ensuring social Justice and equity. Factors that form the basis for delimitation such as race, gender, sexual-orientation and dillydally require social justice educational leadership. Leaders should embrace accountability in their systems and encourage all to create a diverse and inclusive work environment. Citizens in a particular country should recognize the diversity in all aspects of cultural, political, economic, and social life. Embracing diversity normally poses a the population. Multiculturalism goes beyond ethnicity. Despite the efforts to assimilate culture and heritage, there have been intact community Ethan-cultural institutions, structures, and characteristics. We all have different sub-cultures thus multiple identities. Demographic variation implies that social beings tend to associate themselves with certain ethnic group or identity. However, other people may not exclusively give emphasis to their ethnic background. Similarly, others are not minding to identify themselves with gender, social class or sexual orientation. Multi-ethnic identities have become common due to intermarriages and migration. It is important to motivate learners to explore and define their own identities (McDonald, 2009). LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION AND DIVERSITY 4 However, as far as am concerned, issues to deal with cultural incompetence of leaders posed a great challenge both in social life and performance in a multicultural environment. This creates a bias and discrimination by leaders towards their objects. In addition, it seems inappropriate dominant social group members derive comfort, social, economic and political satisfaction at the expense of the less fortunate in the society. The low-status groups endure suffering ranging from poverty, disease to ignorance. Although the extent of hierarchical organization may vary over a period across societies and within the same society, such approaches still find a way in the modern society. Discrimination of the different nature in institutions is very rampant especially in hiring, promoting staff or delivering court Judgments. Poor leadership is known to perpetrate favoritism such as in distribution of resources. It is worth mentioning that I have had to encounter the chauvinistic society given my social and gender identity. Despite the civilization and the aspects of having earned a decent education, there are still some prejudice in terms of group segregation and gender roles. It is expected that even in a diversified society, women are obliged to provide care to children and cook for their families. Another unclear issue is the influence of race and ethnicity of teachers on the learners. Patterns of discrimination ND prejudice may be difficult to identify by leaders in a systemic manner as well as their impact on institutions and society in general. Transformation school leaders identify and deal with contextual issues thus ensuring a Just learning environment for building a holistic individual. This implies that the challenge in the system that deprives the marginalia learners of the right to be heard is overcome. Students are viewed as subjects and not objects in the pedagogical approach. LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION AND DIVERSITY 5 Educators have been urged to acknowledge the great diversity among the student population to avoid normalization and oppression of those of a different race, gender, social class or sexual orientation (Kashmir, 2000). Ann-oppressive education involves selectivity’s and dealing with the crisis critically. In retrospect, by promoting multicultural education, diversity is enhanced thus the stakeholders should be inclusive to foster social integration. Democratically multiracial societies or nations should foster coexistence because unity and diversity have cross-linkages. Planning curriculum for schools in a multicultural nation should be inclusive of both advocates for cooperation, mutual respect, the dignity of persons and social rights. Linguistic diversity is another aspect that cannot be ignored. Therefore, leadership needs to promote affirmative action for languages to correct the past inequity in schools and society. You read "Leadership, education and diversity" in category "Papers" Educational policies that entail an inclusive curricula should be formulated and implemented. This will serve as a reflection of diversity and equity in the allocation of resources. Schools play a role as agents of colonization in the society thus conceptual approaches to put up with cultural diversity. In addition, issues to do tit staffing should be handled in a manner to ensure that there is heterogeneity. Kashmir (2000) observes anti-oppressive education can be conceptualized by considering these approaches: nature of oppression, pedagogies, curricula and policies. It is prudent that the education system should embrace assassination of learners on human rights and how the codes take effect in multicultural societies. Learners should be aware of social Justice even in their learning environment so that they can relate effectively to the outside world. There should be a guide and strategies to encourage respect, concern and care for self, colleagues, LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION AND DIVERSITY 6 organisms and the environment. The curriculum can be reorganized to enhance its effectiveness, but also emphasis needs to be given to traditional education systems. The issue of equity when integrated with leadership development programs is capable of supporting an interactive learning process and consequently promotes equity in school practice. Eventually, personality will have a significant effect on life- span development. Educators should be aware of the current generation of learners who may not perform concrete-operational and formal-operational assignments. Education plays a critical role in building the intellectual capacity of an individual. Numerous scholars have given great and in depth analysis of the education systems in all corners of the world. Substantive changes in preparation and professional development programs need to be adopted to ensure an accountable and socially equitable learning process both in the present and future (Brown, 2004). In view of the theory of androgyny as documented by Malcolm Knowles presents concepts that shaped and builds the learner (Merriam et al. 2007). A learner takes control of the learning process and uses disoriented approaches of life. However, the learning process and approaches have its shortcomings: the multi-cultural and multivalent learning environment pose a challenge especially for immigrants. There are expectations from instructors in the way learners behave, relate to fellow learners and also the assumption of certain responsibilities. At times, instructors may use negative criticism in public oblivious of the embarrassment thus lowering the morale to learn. Self-Directed Learning approach requires a determination to take charge of one’s own learning process owing to the motivation and desire to achieve academic and career goals. In addition, I should improve the family life, health, and enhance my intellectual capacity among others. It effective because it is aligned with daily routines, there enthusiasm about the LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION AND DIVERSITY 7 process, there is interaction with others and also the process is reflective and action oriented. Unfortunately, the process can be ineffective and cumbersome due to: relationship. Education serves as an eye opener and equalizing factor for mankind regardless of their backgrounds or affiliations. In my view, education without interest or passion is futile, because that is a factor for one to succeed in life. In my view, only interest cannot suffice as aptitude, determination and hard work is necessary. The effectiveness of any learning process depends on the level of understanding of how students learn best from the teacher. In view of my self-identification, the life in a multicultural and multiracial society provided me with an opportunity to acknowledge my background. My ethnic origin being Arabian, I had a desire to identify a certain group that constitutes my racial and ethnic background. Furthermore, I have gained a good understanding of how individuals of mixed irritate attempt to identify themselves and counteract with oppressive systems in the society. A woman’s contemporary position in the Saudi society has an impact on the development process considering that religious perspectives have been a limiting factor. The symbol of cultural identity and integrity has been the veil and headscarf. Nevertheless, most women have devised unique strategies to counteract gender inequality to ensure social Justice in all spheres of life besides education. It is worth differentiating the Islamic cultural practices and their normative teachings. Instead of Irving as an agent of social change, the role of women in education has been to bolster conservation in the conservative society. To this far, it is plausible that the Saudi Government signed a pact in 2001 with the United Nations to discourage all forms of discrimination against women. Pigged presented a developmental stage theory whereby an adult uses a complex and internalized set of behaviors to interact with the environment. It is worth mentioning that his theory popularly known as 8 Cognitive Developmental theory, clearly reflect the adult development in the society or school set up. The entry into adulthood occurs after a full understanding and evaluation of how an individual is like. Perceptions change can be attributed to a considerable change of culture. It is apparent that a change in both concepts and personality will have a bearing on the expected changes in one’s career. The development in personality can be attributed to genes, childhood experiences, environment and gene-environment correlations (Salesman Rider, 2011). The needs and norms of different cultures tend to respond to their environment in a fundamentally human manner considering its set of beliefs, language and values. Communities should be responsible for enhancing good citizenship virtues through mutual respect and recognition. In a democratic society, social integration should be fostered regardless of cultural or ethnic barriers. Martin (2011) observes that teachers and administrators should combine efforts to bring about positive reforms in the school’s social Justice. They should be well equipped with skills and knowledge that is sensitive to specific needs and environments of their students. The main aim of educators should be to establish capacity building and assistance to ensure responsible citizenship. Students tend to respond to the system by creating cultural groups to meet their different interests and aspirations while in school. In addition, the interactions such as sports within a multicultural, multivalent, multiracial and multicasts helps discourage Teacher education institutions ought to have the capacity to effectively build professionals who are sensitive about ethnic, racial and cultural diversity that exists in schools and communities. The leadership should adopt appropriate initiatives and approaches that focus on transforming the education system as agents of change. Yester and elite institutions can be developed to cater for certain vulnerable races, genders, ethnicities and economic statuses thus minimizing any form of discrimination. Social Justice can be better enhanced through combined efforts of education leadership to carry a radical transformation of structures in the system. This will require integrated and continuous approaches that are informative and efficient. The fundamental transformation of existing structures and apparatuses implies that strategies, curricula, research methodologies and programs have to be articulated sugarless of the barriers that exist. The stakeholders, particularly education leaders, need to highlight the perennial challenges in the sector by monitoring trends both in school and the community. The use of media as a medium of teaching provides environments that relate theoretical and practical aspects of learning among students, school, community and society as a whole. Media platforms such as internet and video provide a pedagogical avenue for enhanced conceptualization of the curriculum. Both philosophical and legal policies that promote diversity should be developed. The leadership should focus on creating an environment that is supportive to issues of diversity including debates. Leaders should encourage the selection of women and the less privileged in learning institutions and offering incentives for their promotion and retention. Community awareness on the importance of diversity in creating cohesiveness should be created. How to cite Leadership, education and diversity, Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Analytical Challenges Emerging Public Health Surveillance

Question: Discuss about the Analytical Challenges for Emerging Public Health Surveillance. Answer: Introduction: The first challenges faced in implementing surveillance system was that it needs to collect data from electronic health information system from hospital, however supporting such interface in different hospital is difficult due to different data standards and unwillingness of staffs to manage such system. To address this problem, I will take steps to facilitate standard format for data storage and transmission. Giving the hospitals IT staff universal data processing standard will help in better integration of the system. It will facilitate better transmission of health information and detection of disease outbreak in clinical setting (Fricker, 2013). Second challenges faced in implementing surveillance system involve privacy and security issues. As the head of epidemiology section, I will ensure that the health information system is so designed that patients privacy is protected. Surveillance system relies on employing statistical data of patients to inspect changes in pre-diagnostic information and predict outbreak of a disease. To address this issue, it will be necessary to take approval from each patient and impose strict security policy to protect patients privacy and confidentiality. The information related to patient pre-diagnostic data should not disclose patients identity and even when it is disclosed, patients permission must be taken to protect privacy and confidentiality issues (Ozok et al., 2014). Another challenge related to getting funds for surveillance system can be addressed through strategies like ensuring financial sustainability of the system to convince investors and get better funding for implementing the system in the hospital. To facilitate dissemination of data, it will be necessary to impose security regulations and use effective software that can secure data as well as the surveillance system. Priority will be given on getting adequate resource to implement the system to facilitate funding and a cooperative agreement will help to attract funding agency (Public Health Surveillance Data: Legal, Policy, Ethical, Regulatory, and Practical Issues, 2016). Having adequate IT staffs and tools is necessary to appropriately analyze the data and identify true problem relating to disease outbreak instead of overreacting on small issues. Steps will be taken to recruit those staffs who have experience in managing syndromic disease surveillance by utilizing real time data from surveillance system. High level technical staffs are needed who have knowledge in epidemiology and public health analytic data management to enable management of complex statistical reports (Analytical Challenges for Emerging Public Health Surveillance, 2016). To effectively implement syndromic surveillance system and redirect IT resource of the hospital to identify bioterrorism issues and infectious disease outbreak in particular population, it is necessary to have the support of public health agency. As the CEO of the hospital, I would like better communication between public health agencies to redirect hospital resource according the requirement of resource for integrating syndromic surveillance system. This will help in analyzing the main infrastructural change required to introduce appropriate IT resource in the hospital (Grol et al., 2013). As public health agency plays a key role in detecting and responding to health emergencies, their support will be important to identify the relevant IT resource needed at the hospital. The collaboration with the public health agency with regard to the preparedness of the hospital for implementing surveillance system can help in bringing appropriate IT resource for the hospital. The main IT resource required for the system includes adequate software, user interface, automatic or manual data acquisition process and appropriate web based device to handle complex pre-diagnostic data of patients (Kellermann Jones, 2013). If the data acquisition process is manual, then no new infrastructure is needed, however for automated data acquisition process, an effective error free user interface is needed which health staffs can easily manage. The public health agency and hospital will also need to recruit IT leaders or skilled IT professional who can effectively identify relevant change needed in existing IT resource according to syndrome surveillance system. Introduction of web-based devices can also be useful to ease data entry of accurate patient information and rate of infection. Creating link public health Agency will help in getting support to bring this change and enable specific identification of patient with conflicting condition and infection cases (Tambo et al., 2014). In the field of epidemiology and for the purpose of biodefense, adequate support of public health agency is crucial to response to outbreak. As the CEO of the hospital, my role will to provide adequate reasons to public health agency regarding how redirecting resource can have impact on public health emergencies. Reference Analytical Challenges for Emerging Public Health Surveillance. (2016) Retrieved 23 November 2016, from Fricker, R. D. 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